• GFRC (Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete) is lighter, stronger, faster than normal concrete.  GFRC pieces can be de-molded as early as 24 hours.
  • This Expressions-LTD Basic GFRC Mix recipe works great for GFRC countertops, sinks, and furniture pieces.

GFRC (Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete) Mix: (by Expressions LTD)
    • Add 6.5 lbs. water (about 3 quarts) to a clean 5 gallon bucket.
    • Add 2.5 lbs. of Polyplex Curing Aid.
    • Add 1 Fl. Ounce of SP 7000 Super Plasticizer.
    • Mix in 23.5 lbs. of #30-#60 Silica Sand (#30-60 is the sand size/mesh, and available at most local hardware stores or masonry supply). Make sure sand is washed (no dust).
    • Mix in 17.5 lbs. Portland Cement (white or gray, available at your local hardware store)
    • Mix in 6 lbs. Vitro Minerals Pozzolans (VCAS). (If unavailable, VCAS can be substituted with 6 lbs. of Portland Cement if- for a total of 23.5 lbs. Portland Cement, and no VCAS)
    • Optional: Mix in any Integral Color, if desired.
    • Add extra water if needed, in small amounts, until mix is creamy.
    • Let mix 'set' (usually about 5 minutes) and then remix briefly.
    • Spray Face Coat of this mix over the mold/form work using a Hopper Sprayer. Face coat should be @ 3/16" thick. (Clean sprayer immediately after use).
    • Allow face coat to sit long enough to stiffen, but remain moist (Time varies, usually 15-30 minutes).
    • Backer mix uses the same formula as above, with addition of fiber:
    • Slowly mix in 1.6 lbs. of 3/4" Length AR Glass Fibers.
    • Hand lay the fiber-rich backer mix over the surface of the mold/form at 3/8" to 1/2" thickness.
    • Use Compaction Rollers to even out this layer, condense, and remove any air pockets.
    • Place a second backer layer, again 3/8" - 1/2" thickness, and compact with rollers.
    • Finished piece should be 3/4" thick at a minimum, 1" thick is better.
    • Extra Reinforcing: Fiberglass Scrim Fabric can be placed between GFRC Backer layers.
      • Fiberglass Scrim will help increase overall strength and flexibility. Ideal for reinforcing around integral concrete sinks.
      • Try to keep Scrim 1/2" away from the Face Coat, to avoid ghosting (faint lines showing an image of something buried in the concrete).
      • A second layer of Scrim can be laid down over the final coat of GFRC, and lightly rolled down into the cement surface.
    • Face Coat Batch: Covers approx. 24 sq. ft. @ 3/16" thickness.
    • Backer Layer Batch: Covers approx. 12 sq. ft. @ 3/8" thickness.
    • Weight:
      • At 3/4" thickness: 7.5 lbs per sq. ft.
      • At 1" thickness: 11 lbs per sq. ft.
    • Material Cost:
      • At 3/4" thickness: @$4 per sq. ft.
      • At 1" thickness: @$5.40 per sq. ft.
      • *Costs based on pricing for the following quantities:
        • 5 Gallons Polyplex - $139.09
        • 5 Gallons Riteks SP 7000 - $179.09
        • 50 lbs. Sand - $4.00
        • 94 lbs. Portland Cement - $11.40
        • 50 lbs. VCAS - $50 (buying VCAS will reduce costs significantly)
        • 44 lbs. Chopped AR 3/4" Fibers - $144.09

    Strength Testing:

    What is the strength of this GFRC recipe?  This question is a tough one because of different cements, sand, admixtures and shop variables across the land that can’t be pre-controlled. That said, please review the data from the PCI Manual 128 “Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete Panels”. Appendix J- Premix GFRC Table J.1. Typical Range of Premix Properties.

    • Density (dry) …………………………………………110 to 130 (pcf) (most generic mix designs @ 1:1 cement/sand ratio around the 127 pcf)
    • Compressive Strength…………………………..6000 to 9000 (psi)
    • Flexural Yield (first crack)………………………700 to 1200  (psi)
    • Ultimate (Flexural Ultimate)……………….. 1450 to 2000 (psi)

    Again, depending on the materials used, W/C ratio of the mix, we can assume the following….

    1. 3 days…….40%
    2. 7 days…….60%
    3. 14 day……90%

    These are guides only…each producer should make test boards and have the mix evaluated.